Outbreak of Cholera in Ghana: A Systematic Review from 2010 to 2020

John Antwi Apenteng

Department of Pharmaceutical Sciences, School of Pharmacy, Central University, Accra, Ghana.

Samuel Korsah *

Department of Pharmaceutical Sciences, School of Pharmacy, Central University, Accra, Ghana.

Miriam Tagoe

Department of Pharmaceutical Sciences, School of Pharmacy, Central University, Accra, Ghana.

Nathaniel Nene Nortey

Institute of Traditional and Alternative Medicine (ITAM), University of Health and Allied Sciences, Ho, Ghana.

Jessica Korsah

Department of Pharmaceutical Sciences, School of Pharmacy, Central University, Accra, Ghana.

Benedicta Delase Wobetsey

Department of Pharmaceutical Sciences, School of Pharmacy, Central University, Accra, Ghana.

Frederick Akuffo Owusu

Department of Pharmaceutics, Kwame Nkrumah University of Science and Technology, Kumasi, Ghana.

*Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.


Abstract

Background: Cholera affects several hundred thousand individuals worldwide each year. According to estimates, more than 20 million individuals in Ghana are at danger of contracting the illness. However, research from Asia and other continents continues to be a major source of information for understanding cholera epidemiology in Africa, particularly in its coastal nations. The purpose of the study was to evaluate Ghana's cholera epidemics each year.

Methods: A thorough analysis of articles that have been published on cholera outbreaks worldwide and in Ghana. A thorough search was done in the databases of Science Direct, PubMed, and Google Scholar to retrieve and to review research works published on cholera.

Results: Findings suggest cholera has been a significant public health issue for Ghana every year since the first case was reported in 1970. Greater Accra is the area with the most cholera cases each year, with Accra being the district with the most cases. Greater Accra alone reported 58.5% of all cholera cases in Ghana from 1998 to 2017. However, the least affected regions in Ghana are the Upper West, Northern, Upper East, and Volta region. The cause of these cholera outbreaks is subpar sanitation and contaminated water. Annual cholera outbreaks occur in Ghana, where more attention is needed. Multiple deaths have been caused by these epidemics.

Conclusion: Improved sanitation and provision of adequate clean drinking water can help curb the incidence of cholera and its devastating effects on individuals and the country as a whole.

Keywords: Sanitation, Ghana health service, endemic, Vibrio cholera


How to Cite

Apenteng , John Antwi, Samuel Korsah, Miriam Tagoe, Nathaniel Nene Nortey, Jessica Korsah, Benedicta Delase Wobetsey, and Frederick Akuffo Owusu. 2023. “Outbreak of Cholera in Ghana: A Systematic Review from 2010 to 2020”. Asian Journal of Research in Infectious Diseases 13 (2):26-33. https://doi.org/10.9734/ajrid/2023/v13i2261.

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