COVID-19: Global Preparedness, Challenges and Impact

Main Article Content

L. Macharia
M. N. Macharia

Abstract

Corona virus COVID-19 is a pandemic whose devastating effects were felt in all corners of the world and by all humanity of whatever age, gender, economic and social status from the beginning of January 2020 and the intensity increasing day-by-day. The patients that had symptoms were isolated while waiting for results. In some countries, self-isolation was encouraged while in others, people had to be put in quarantine facilities to cut down the spread chain immediately. Different countries identified quarantine centers where individuals were quarantined for 14 days upon which they would be tested. A philanthropist Bill gates, the Microsoft billionaire, committed himself to donating resources for developing a vaccine. Research centers directed their focus to establishing a cure or a vaccine for the killer virus.  After four months of trials and tests, there was no sign of a cure. Many governments in the world applied a partial or full lockdown guided by the rate of infection and death. China was the first to call for a complete lockdown as it struggled with the new pandemic. The CoVID 19 pandemic has affected every facet of life; social, economic and mental. This has placed a lot of strain on governments and individuals. The economic status of many countries and individuals has been adversely affected and may take a long time before recovery.

Keywords:
Pandemic, lockdown, Covid, self-isolation.

Article Details

How to Cite
Macharia, L., & Macharia, M. N. (2020). COVID-19: Global Preparedness, Challenges and Impact. Asian Journal of Research in Infectious Diseases, 4(2), 23-32. https://doi.org/10.9734/ajrid/2020/v4i230143
Section
Short Communication

References

Last JM. A dictionary of epidemiology, 4th edition. New York: Oxford University Press; 2001.

WHO. Who Names Disease Caused By New Corona virus: COVID-19; 2020.

Available:https://globalbiodefense.com/.../11/who-names-disease-caused-by-new-coronavirus-covid-19

WHO. Novel Corona virus (2019-nCoV) Situation Report; 2020.

Available:https://www.who.int/docs/default-source/coronaviruse/situation-reports/20200121-sitrep-1-2019-ncov.pdf?sfvrsn=20a99c10_4 on 3rd June 2020

CDC. Human Corona virus types; 2020.

Available:https://www.cdc.gov/coronavirus/types.html

Mayo Clinic. Corona virus disease (COVID-19); 2020.

Available:https://www.mayoclinic.org/diseases-conditions/coronavirus/symptoms-causes/syc-20479963

WHO. Novel Corona virus (2019 nCoV): Strategic Preparedness and Response Plan; 2020.

Available:https://www.who.int/docs/default-source/coronaviruse/srp-04022020

Bostock B. China just finished work on the emergency hospital it set up to tackle the Wuhan corona virus, and it took just 8 days; 2020.

Available:https://www.pulse.com.gh/bi/tech/china-just-finished-work-on-the-emergency-hospital-it-set-up-to-tackle-the-wuhan/sb6rd4w

Xinhua H. Africa's Covid-19 fight boosted by donations from China; 2020.

Available:https://www.nation.co.ke/news/africa/China-donations-boost-Africa-Covid-19-war/1066-5537394-xjcvao/index.htmlon

WHO. Corona virus disease (COVID-19) advice for the public: When and how to use masks; 2019.

Available:https://www.who.int/emergencies/diseases/novel-Coronavirus-2019/advice-for-public/when-and-how-to-use-masks?gclid=EAIaIQobChMI5czSqKzU6QIVmfdRCh0tfgDXEAAYASAAEgJCyvD_BwE

Dahir AL. The New York Times, May 9, 2020, Section A, Page 6 of the New York edition with the headline: Confined to Quarantine and Paying to Be Let Out. Kenyans held for weeks in quarantine were told to pay to get out; 2020.

Available:https://www.nytimes.com/2020/05/08/world/africa/kenya-coronavirus-quarantine.html

Yusuf M. Kenyans confined at quarantine facilities see it as sentence; 2020.

Available:https://www.voanews.com/covid-19-pandemic/kenyans-confined-quarantine-facilities-see-it-sentence

Brooks SK, Webster RK, Smith LE, et al. The psychological impact of quarantine and how to reduce it: Rapid review of the evidence; 2020.

DOI:10.1016/S0140-6736(20)30460-8 pmid:32112714

Adams JG, Walls RM. Supporting the health care workforce during the COVID-19 Global Epidemic. JAMA; 2020.

DOI:10.1001/jama.2020.3972 pmid:32163102

Jason H, Emma B. Italy’s Corona virus Victims Face Death Alone, With Funerals Postponed; 2020.

Available:nytimes.com/2020/03/16/world/europe/italy-coronavirus-funerals.html

Human rights watch. At least six people died from police violence during the first 10 days of Kenya’s dusk-to-dawn curfew, imposed on March 27, 2020 to contain the spread of Covid-19 Kenya: police brutality during curfew; 2020.

Available:https://www.hrw.org/news/2020/04/22/kenya-police-brutality-during-curfew

Economic times. Oxford University's COVID-19 vaccine test on monkeys shows promise; 2020.

Available:https://health.economictimes.indiatimes.com/news/diagnostics/oxford-universitys-covid-19-vaccine-test-on-monkeys-shows-promise/75769588

Russell P. Could bio-detection dogs sniff out COVID-19 infection? 2020.

Available:https://www.medscape.com/viewarticle/930652

Picheta R. People in India can see the Himalayas for the first time in 'decades,' as the lockdown eases air pollution.

Available:https://edition.cnn.com/travel/article/himalayas-visible-lockdown-india-scli-intl/index.html on 13th May 2020.

Sidik SM, Rampal L, Afifi M. Physical and Mental Health Problems of the Elderly in a Rural Community of Sepang, Selangor. Malays J Med Sci. 2004;11(1):52–59.

Whiting K. An expert explains: how to help older people through the COVID-19 pandemic. older and elderly people (aged 60 plus) are the most vulnerable to COVID-19; 2020.

Available:https://www.weforum.org/agenda/202 CoVID 19 0/03/coronavirus-covid-19-elderly-older-people-health-risk/

Guardian. Across the world, figures reveal horrific toll of care home deaths; 2020.

Available:https://www.theguardian.com/world/2020/may/16/across-the-world-figures-reveal-horrific-covid-19-toll-of-care-home-deaths

Andover NJ. Request for 25 body bags reveals deadly outbreak at New Jersey nursing home; Congressman says 68 dead; 2020.

Available:https://6abc.com/coronavirus-nursing-homes-news-updates-bergen-county/6107655/

WHO. Corona virus disease (COVID-19) pandemic; 2020.

Available:https://www.who.int/emergencies/diseases/novel-coronavirus-2019?gclid=EAIaIQobChMI9LPU4vDg6QIVGIjVCh37ZgtzEAAYASAAEgLclvD_BwE

WHO. COVID-19 Dashboard; 2020.

Available:https://covid19.who.int/?gclid=EAIaIQobChMI7PnR0vbg6QIVBobVCh1SXAW0EAAYASAAEgLbx_D_BwE on 3rd June 2020.

Richard V, Reeves T, Tiffany F. COVID-19 much more fatal for men, especially taking age into account.

Available:https://www.brookings.edu/blog/up-front/2020/05/15/covid-19-much-more-fatal-for-men-especially-taking-age-into-account