Assessing Meteorological Variables, Larvae Free Rate and Dengue Incidence in Yogyakarta, Indonesia

Main Article Content

Juhrati Raodatul Zannah
Sulistyawati Sulistyawati


Aims: Dengue is a disease closely related to the environment, including several climatic variables such as temperature, humidity, and wind speed. This research attempted to illustrate the relationship between dengue fever incidence and climatic factors, larva free rate (LFR) or Angka Bebas Jentik (ABJ) in Yogyakarta city, Indonesia.

Methodology: Secondary data from meteorological agency and district health office were collected and analyzed using Spearman Rank Test and Multiple Linear Regression Test.

Results: Temperature, air humidity and wind speed were associated with dengue incidence in Yogyakarta city during 2016-2018. Correlation between rainfall and dengue was r = 0.27 and p value = 0.11; temperature and dengue r =0.62 and p value = 0.000; humidity and dengue r=0.38 and p value 0.02; wind speed and dengue r=-0.36 and p value = 0.03; r = -0.36. Larvae free rate and dengue r=0.04 and p value = 0.77.

Conclusion: Climate variables are an important factor affecting the incidence of dengue fever. To decrease the incidence, it is necessary to educate the community on improving awareness related to the mosquito breeding place.

Dengue incidence, meteorological variable, larva free rate.

Article Details

How to Cite
Zannah, J. R., & Sulistyawati, S. (2020). Assessing Meteorological Variables, Larvae Free Rate and Dengue Incidence in Yogyakarta, Indonesia. Asian Journal of Research in Infectious Diseases, 4(4), 1-7.
Original Research Article


States M, Advi WHOS, Grade T, Sage T. Weekly epidemiological record Relevé épidémiologique hebdomadaire. 2016; 349–364.

Candra A. Dengue Hemorrhagic fever: epidemiology, pathogenesis, and its transmission risk factors. Aspirator. 2010; 2:110–119.

Ministry of the Health Republic of Indonesia. Riset Kesehatan Dasar. Ministry of Health Republic of Indonesia; 2013. (in Indonesian)

Paramita RM, Mukono J. The relationship between humidity and rainfall with the incidence of dengue fever in Gunung Anyar Health Center 2010-2016. Indones. J. Public Heal. 2017;12:202–212. (In Indonesian)

Lai YH. The climatic factors affecting dengue fever outbreaks in southern Taiwan: An application of symbolic data analysis. Biomed. Eng. 2018;17:1–14. Online

Duarte JL, Diaz-Quijano FA, Batista AC, Giatti LL. Climatic variables associated with dengue incidence in a city of the Western Brazilian Amazon region. Rev. Soc. Bras. Med. Trop.2019;52: e20180429.

Miryanti K, Budi IS, Ainy A. Participation of cadre larva monitoring savior as effort to improve Larva Free Rate (LFR) in the Public Health Centre Talang Betutu. J Ilmu Kesehat Masy. 2016;7(3):168–73. (in Indonesian)

Direktorat Jenderal Pengendalian dan Pencegahan Penyakit. Technical Instructions for PSN implementation 3M-Plus 1 House 1 Jumantik movements. Jakarta: Indonesia Ministry of Health. 2016;55. (in Indonesian)

Kesetyaningsih TW, Andarini S, Sudarto, Pramoedyo H. Determination of environmental factors affecting dengue incidence in Sleman District, Yogyakarta, Indonesia. African J. Infect. Dis. 2018;12: 13–25.

Ratnawulan A, Rustiana ER, Sudana IM. Society Efforts in preventing dengue fever in Bergaslor, Bergas, Semarang. Public Heal. Perspect. J. 2019;4:54–60.

Sulistyawati S. et al. Dengue vector control through community empowerment: Lessons Learned from a community-based study in Yogyakarta, Indonesia. Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health. 2019;161013.

Hadi U. Early 2019, cases of dengue fever in Yogya Increased. detik News; 2019. (in Indonesian)

Muftika Lutfiana, Tri Winarni, Zulmiati LN. Survey of larvae as early detection of community-based spread of dengue fever (DHF). J. Ilm. Mhs. 2012;2:56–63. (in Indonesian)

Huey RB, Stevenson RD. Integrating thermal physiology and ecology of ectotherms: A discussion of approaches. Am Zool. 1979;19:357–366.

Uttah EC, Wokem GN, Okonofua C. The abundance and biting patterns of Culex quinquefasciatus Say (Culicidae) in the Coastal Region of Nigeria. ISRN Zool. 2013;2013:1–7.

Simon-Oke I, Olofintoye L. The effect of climatic factors on the distribution and abundance of mosquito vectors in Ekiti State. J. Biol. Agric. Healthc. 2015;5:142–147.

Gama ZP, Nakagoshi N. Climatic variability and dengue hemorrhagic fever incidence in Nganjuk District, East Java, Indonesia. Acta Biol. Malaysiana. 2013;2:31–39.

Mohammed A, Chadee DD. Effects of different temperature regimens on the development of Aedes aegypti (L.) (Diptera: Culicidae) mosquitoes. Acta Trop. 2011;119:38–43.

Haryanto B. Dengue fever prevention, and control. In Indonesia Dengue Fever: Status, Vulnerability, and Challenges. 2016;2:64 (Intech Open).

Yasmin PA. Jadi Jumantik Tak Mudah, Ini Tantangan yang Pernah Dihadapi Titik. Detik Health; 2016. (in Indonesian)

Wandi. Jumantik Officers are often not accepted by residents - Poskota News. PosKota News Megapolitan; 2018. (in Indonesian).