A Review of COVID-19 Pandemic: Myths, Misconceptions, and Role of Media Education in Nigeria

Main Article Content

E. D. Izekor
V. N. Okpuzor
E. Morka
P. T. Nnaji

Abstract

The COVID-19 pandemic has affected Nigeria and many countries of the world in recent times. It has introduced some level of new concepts and social phenomena in many countries. The interference of myths and misconceptions in the mitigation of the epidemics in Nigeria calls for attention. Many Nigerians harbor some level of myth or misconceptions about COVID-19. Lack of confidence in the integrity of government, security agents, health officers among many other factors is the popular opinion that has contributed to the spread of misconceptions of the COVID-19 pandemic by many Nigerians. The mass media through programs, activities, campaigns, information dissemination etc, educates and detect to the society what is important. There is need for synergism between the private, public, local and international organization for the masses to receive the proper education that will debunk the harmful myths and misconceptions among many Nigerians.

Keywords:
COVID-19, pandemic, myths, misconceptions, media, education, Nigeria.

Article Details

How to Cite
Izekor, E. D., Okpuzor, V. N., Morka, E., & Nnaji, P. T. (2020). A Review of COVID-19 Pandemic: Myths, Misconceptions, and Role of Media Education in Nigeria. Asian Journal of Research in Infectious Diseases, 5(4), 10-19. https://doi.org/10.9734/ajrid/2020/v5i430172
Section
Review Article

References

Yemisi A. UN: Half of world's population growth is likely to occur in Africa. CNN; 2017.

Kalu B. COVID-19 in Nigeria: A disease of hunger. Spotlight. 2020;8(6):556-557. Sauer LM. What is Coronavirus?; 2020. Available:https://ww.hopkinsmedicine.org/health/conditions-and-diseases/coronavirus

Olajide A. Debunking myths on COVID-19: United Purpose conducts sensitization tour in Nigeria; 2020. Available:https://www.wsscc.org/media/resources/debunking-myths-covid-19-united-purpose-conducts-sensitization-tour-nigeria

Sarki AM, Roni BL. This disease is not for hospital: Myths and misconceptions about cancers in Northern Nigeria. Journal of Global Health Reports. 2019;3:e2019070. DOI:10.29392/joghr.3.e2019070

Mohammed HA, Raijaa A, Muna A, Robin D, Anil CM. Knowledge and health beliefs regarding sickle cell disease among omanis in a primary healthcare setting: Cross-sectional study. Sultan Qaboos University Medical Journal. 2016;16(4): e437–e444. DOI: 10.18295/squmj.2016.16.04.006

Sharif T, Rtah N, Bashir M, John O, Sylvia K, Alimah K. Knowledge, perception and practices towards sickle cell disease: a community survey among adults in Lubaga division, Kampala Uganda. BMC Public Health. 2018;18:561. Available:https://doi.org/10.1186/s12889-018-5496-4

Olaleka AW. Fear and misconceptions mitigating against effective control of Ebola virus disease outbreak in South-Western Nigeria. Nigerian Journal of Health Science. 2015;15(1):58-59.

Ajilore K, Onyenankaya K, Morka E, Akoja M, Akintayo B, Ojomo O. Demography as a determinant of awareness, knowledge and attitude of Asaba youth to media advocacy campaign on sickle cell disorder. Global journal of health. 2018;10(11):19-27.

Taibat H. Education and Covid-19 in Nigeria: Tackling the digital divide; 2020. Available:https://www.soas.ac.uk/blogs/study/covid-19-nigeria-digital-divide/

Akpobo O. Mass media health communication: Imperative for sustainable health development in Nigeria. Mgbakoigba: Journal of African Studies. 2015;4:1-6

Joseph OW, Christiana OC, Kenneth AN, Joel CU, Chinyere CU. Assessing the role of the media in the prevention and control of meningitis in Nigeria. Journal of International Medical Research. 2019; 48(1): 1–5

Okim-Alobi O, Ngozi O. Health communication: The responsibility of the media in Nigeria Specialty Journal of Medical Research and Health Science. 2017;2(3):1-4

Ebele U, Olusola O, Benjamin A, Ayobami I, Akisegun A, Adedoyin D, Abdulhafeez B. An assessment of knowledge, awareness, and attitude of undergraduates toward sickle cell disease in Lagos, Nigeria. Nigerian Medical Journal. 2017;58(6)167-172. DOI: 10.4103/nmj.NMJ_111_18

Lois NO, Christian OA, Nkiru EO, Patricia CN, Onyechi N. Eunice, N.A. Coronavirus (COVID-19) Pandemic in Nigeria: Preventive and control challenges within the first two months of outbreak. African Journal of Reproductive health. 2020; 24(2).

Ryder H. COVID-19 is only slowly reaching africa. that’s no surprise. The Africa Report ;2020. Available:https://www.theafricareport.com/24160/covid-19-is-only-slowly-reaching-africa-thats-no-surprise

Available:https://ncdc.gov.ng/reports/weekly

Isaac OE. COVID-19 pandemic in Nigeria: Palliative measures and the politics of vulnerability. International Journal of maternal and child health and AIDS. 2020;9(2):220–222. DOI: 10.21106/ijma.394

WHO. Coronavirus disease (COVID-19) advice for the public: Mythbusters; 2020. Available:www.who.int/emergencies/diseases/novel-coronavirus-2019/advice-for-public/myth-busters

Erica H, Meredith G. How long is the incubation period for the coronavirus?; 2020. Available:https://www.healthline.com/health/coronavirus-incubation-period

Janitien AB, Don K, Jacco W. Incubation period of 2019 novel coronavirus (2019-nCoV) infections among travellers from Wuhan, China. EuroSurveillance. 2020;6: 25(5),2000062. DOI:10.2807/1560-7917.ES.2020.25.5.2000062

Rothe C, Schunk M, Sothmann P, Bretzel G, Froeschl G, Wallrauch C, Zimmer T, Thiel V, Janke C. Transmission of 2019-NCov infection from an asymptomatic contact in Germany. N Engl. J Med. 2020;382:970-1. DOI: 10.1056/NEJMc 2001468

Available:https://covid19.ncdc.gov.ng/faq/

Yvette B. Sickle cell trait and disease: Raising awareness. Medical News Today; 2015. Availavble:https://www.medicalnewstoday.com/articles/302841.php

Morales S. Myth and the construction of meaning in mediated culture. Int. J. Pure Commun Inq. 2013;1:33-43.

Adegoke AA. Factors influencing health beliefs among people in South West, Nigeria. African Research Review. 2008; 2(1):190.

Healthwise. VIDEO: NCDC debunks popular myths about COVID-19; 2020. Available:https://healthwise.punchng.com/video-ncdc-debunks-popular-myths-about-covid-19/ Available:www.who.int/news-room/q-a-detail/q-a-Coronaviruses;www.afro.who.int/news/supporting-media-bust-harmful-myths-coronavirus-disease

Md SI, Tonmoy S, Sazzad HK, Abu-Hena MK, Hasan SM, Alamgir K, Dalia Y, Mohammad AI, Kamal AC, Kazi SA, Abrar AC, Holly S. COVID-19 related infodemic and its impact on public health: A global social media analysis. Am. J. Trop. Med. Hyg. 2020;1-9. DOI: 10.4269/ajtmh.20-0812

Ahinkorat BO, Ameyaw EK, Hagan JE Jr, Seidu AA, Schack T. Rising above misinformation or fake news in Africa: Another strategy to control COVID-19 spread. Front. Commun. 2020;5:45. DOI:10.3389/fcomm.2020.00045

Mian A, Khan S. Coronavirus: The spread of misinformation. BMC Medicine. 2020; 18:89. DOI: 10.1186/s12916-020-01556-3

Available:https://www.alamy.com/stock-photo/nigerian-mask.html?page=7).

Raghuvir K, Anila A, Pawan GN, Jayesh M, Krishnadas N. COVID-19: Emergence, spread, possible treatments and global burden; 2020. DOI:https://doi.org/10.3389/fpubh.2020.00216.

Busari S, Adebayo B. Nigeria records chloroquine poisoning after trump endorses it for Coronavirus treatment. CNN; 2020. Available:https://www.cnn.com/2020/03/23/africa/chloroquine-trump-nigeria-intl/index.html

WHO. Supporting media to bust harmful myths on coronavirus disease; 2020. Available:reliefweb.int/report/Nigeria/supporting-media-bust-harmful-myths-coronavirus-disease

WHO. WHO supports scientifically-proven traditional medicine; 2020. Available: www.afro.who.int/

Geldsetzer P. Knowledge and perceptions of COVID-19 among the general public in the United States and the United Kingdom: A cross-sectional online survey. Annals of Internal Medicine; 2020. DOI: 10.7326/M20-0912

Abati R. Corona Blues; 2020. Available:http://saharareporters.com/2020/04/07/corona-blues-reuben-abati

Thorburn BS, Bogart LM. Birth control conspiracy beliefs, perceived discrimination and contraception among African Americans: an exploratory study. J Health Psychol. 2003;8:263-276.

Ikachoi D. Africa media system: agenda setting or building. In Ekeanyanwu, Nnamdi Tobechukwu, Ngoa, Stanley Naribo & IdowuAkanbi: Critique and Application of Communication Theories (259-270). Ota, Ogun State, Nigeria. Covenant University; 2012.

Brug J, Aro AR, Richardus JH. Risk perception and behaviour: towards pandemic control of emerging infectious diseases. International Journal of Behavioural Medicine. 2009;16(1):3-6. DOI: 10.1007/s12529-008-9000-x

Joseph OW. Mass media awareness campaign and the prevention of the spread of Lassa fever in the rural communities of Ebonyi State, Nigeria: An impact evaluation. Journal of public health in Africa. 2018;9(3):882.

Amzat J, Razum O. Towards a sociology of health discourse in Africa. Cham. Switzerland: Springer International Publishing; 2018.

Martel C, Pennycook G, Rand D. Reliance on emotion promotes belief in fake news. PsyArxiv; 2019. DOI: 1031234/osf.io/a2ydw

Aljazeera. The UN raises alarm about police brutality in COVID-19 Lockdowns; 2020.

OHCHR. COVID-19: States should not abuse emergency measures to suppress human rights-UN experts; 2020.

Julie H, Paul RW, Emma T, Samantha BM, Heath P, Dean M, Barbara T, Trevor W, John C, Annabelle W. Developing and maintaining public trust during and post-COVID_19: Can We Apply a Model Developed for Responding to Food Scares?; 2020. DOI:doi.org/10.3389/fpubh. 2020.00369

Julie H, Paul RW, Emma T, Samantha BM, Heath P, Dean M, Barbara T, Trevor W, John C, Annabelle W. Developing and maintaining public trust during and post-COVID_19: Can We Apply a Model Developed for Responding to Food Scares?; 2020. DOI:doi.org/10.3389/fpubh. 2020.00369

Van der Weerd W, Timmermans DR, Beaujean DJ, Oudhoff J, Van Steenbergen JE. Monitoring the level of government trust, risk, perception and intention of the general public to adopt protective measures during the influenza A (H1N1) pandemic in the Netherlands. BMC Public Health. 2011;11(1):575. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1186/1471-2458-11-575

Toritseju AA. COVID-19 has exposed the education divide in Nigeria. This is how we can close it; 2020. Available:https://www.weforum.org/agenda/2020/06/education-nigeria-covid19-digital-divide/

Swapnajeet S, Susanta KP, Jigyansa T, Aseem M, Sandeep G. Demystifying the myths about COVID-19 infection and its societal importance. Asian Journal of Psychiatry. 2020;54. DOI: 10.1016/j.ajp.102244

Sarah S, Monica K, David J, Saul M. Corruption in the time of COVID-19: A double-threat for low-income countries p.1. U4 Anti-Corruption Resource Centre, Chr. Michelsen Institute. U4 Brief. 2020; 6.

Chinenyenwa O, Adeley SB, Tauseef A. Covid-19 and Nigeria: Putting the realities in context. International Journal of Infectious Diseases. 2020;95:279- 281. DOI:http://doi.org/10.1016/j.ijid.2020.04.062 Available:https://www.umc.edu/news/News_Articles/2019/03/CV07072020A.html

Chris M; 2020. Mask. Available:https://www.pinterest.com/mccrayandco/masks/