Prevalence of Coagulase Negative Strains of Staphylococcus aureus in Clinical Specimens at the University of Benin Teaching Hospital, Benin City, Nigeria
Issue: 2023 - Volume 14 [Issue 4]
S. O. Onemu
Department of Medical Laboratory Science, Achievers University, Owo, Ondo State, Nigeria.
M. O. Onemu-Metitiri
School of Sciences, Engineering and Environment, University of Salford, United Kingdom.
Emmanuel Ifeanyi Obeagu *
Department of Medical Laboratory Science, Kampala International University, Uganda.
*Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
The test for coagulase activity is a simple and non-expensive test for the identification of S. aureus strains from clinical samples in resource-poor settings. The results of these tests have been reported to vary with the source of plasma and with some atypical strains that test negative with the coagulase test. The study was carried out to determine if misidentification of strains of S. aureus exists on account of the reliance on the coagulase tests. Clinical isolates of Staphylococci that tested negative by the coagulase tests from wounds, pus, aspirates, blood cultures and urogenital samples were collected and re-tested by the slide and tube coagulase tests and confirmed to be negative. Each isolate was inoculated onto mannitol sat agar and DNAse agar plates and incubated at 37oC for 18 h. Isolates that fermented mannitol and showed a positive DNAse test were 25/366 (6.8%). The highest number of coagulase-negative Staphylococcus aureus (CNSA) occurred within blood culture samples 25.7% and in wound, pus and aspirates, 6.9% and the least proportion, 2.9% from urogenital samples. The generation of CNSA strains is strongly associated with severely-ill patients and the potential for the administration of cell-wall inhibiting antibacterial agents may have important roles to play in the emergence CNSA. The inclusion of DNAse test in the routine identification of staphylococci is advocated especially when an isolate has tested coagulase-negative.
Keywords: S. aureus, coagulase test, atypical strains, misidentification, DNAse
How to Cite
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