Molecular Identification of invA gene from Salmonella species isolated from Human Sources in Southern Taraba, North-East Nigeria

Abel Onolunosen Abhadionmhen *

Department of Microbiology, Federal University, Wukari, Taraba State, Nigeria and Tropical Disease Unit, Department of Microbiology, Federal University, Wukari, Taraba State, Nigeria.

Edobor Peter Kenneth Imarenezor

Department of Microbiology, Federal University, Otuoke, Bayelsa State, Nigeria.

Samuel Tamuno Cockeye Brown

Department of Microbiology, Federal University, Wukari, Taraba State, Nigeria.

Omotayo Emerson Lana

Department of Public Health, Teesside University, Middlesbrough, United Kingdom.

Oreye Queen Usiabulu

Department of Public Health, University of Bedsfordshire, United Kingdom.

*Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.


Place and Duration of the Study: The study was conducted in Wukari, Donga, Ibi, and Takum Local Government Areas in Southern Taraba State, North-East Nigeria. These areas were chosen due to their high population of farmers and traders, making them suitable locations for investigating foodborne pathogens. The experimental research spanned a period of 7 months, during which 200 blood and stool samples were collected from food vendors in the selected areas.

Methodology: Sample collection involved the collection of 200 blood and stool samples from food vendors in Wukari, Donga, Ibi, and Takum Local Government Areas. Isolation and confirmation of Salmonella species were carried out through cultural and biochemical analyses, with reference strains used for quality control. Deoxyribonucleic Acid (DNA) extraction was performed using the boiling technique, followed by Polymerase Chain Reaction (PCR) amplification of the invA gene. Electrophoresis on an agarose gel was used to visualize the presence of the invA gene in the isolates.

Results: The results of the study revealed a high prevalence of Salmonella species among food vendors in Southern Taraba State, North-East Nigeria. Analysis of the invA gene showed its presence in all isolates, indicating the widespread distribution of virulent strains in the study area. The findings underscore the importance of PCR-based methods for the detection of Salmonella and suggest the need for comprehensive surveillance and control measures to prevent foodborne illnesses.

Conclusion: The study demonstrates the significant prevalence of Salmonella species among food vendors in Southern Taraba State, North-East Nigeria. The detection of the invA gene in all isolates highlights the potential virulence of these strains and emphasizes the importance of effective surveillance and control strategies to mitigate the risk of foodborne diseases. Further research is warranted to elucidate the genetic diversity and antimicrobial resistance genes associated with Salmonella strains in the region, facilitating the development of targeted interventions for public health protection.

Keywords: Salmonella, food vendors, prevalence, invA gene, PCR

How to Cite

Abhadionmhen, A. O., Imarenezor , E. P. K., Brown, S. T. C., Lana, O. E., & Usiabulu , O. Q. (2024). Molecular Identification of invA gene from Salmonella species isolated from Human Sources in Southern Taraba, North-East Nigeria. Asian Journal of Research in Infectious Diseases, 15(3), 7–16.


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